Lawn Care Basics
Your Seasonal Guide to a Lush Lawn
Learn what your lawn needs to look its best with our easy season-by-season care guide.
Transform your yard into the envy of the neighborhood by grooming a gorgeous lawn. Taming weedy, patchy, or thin grass isn’t difficult. When it comes to lawn care, it helps to remember that your lawn is a living, growing field made up of many individual grass plants. By tending your grass like you would a tomato plant or pot of petunias, you’ll be on your way to a beautiful lawn.
The secret to success is tackling the right steps at the right time. Learn what your lawn needs to look its best with our easy season-by-season care guide.
Quick tip: You'll discover below that fertilizing your lawn is crucial to growing thick, luxurious grass. The simplest way to get just the right feeding products is to sign up for our subscription-based Scotts Lawn Care Program. Just answer a few simple questions and we'll design a personalized plan that ensures you'll receive exactly what your lawn needs, right when you need it.
Spring Lawn Care Plan
1. Clean Up
Kick off the growing and mowing season with a quick spring cleaning. Grab a lawn rake to rake out dead grass and dead remnants of annual grassy weeds, like crabgrass, goosegrass, and barnyard grass. Pick up any sticks or other debris that have accumulated on the lawn over winter.
2. Mow High
Double-check your mower deck height, and position it to cut grass at the highest possible setting for your grass type. Cutting high encourages grass plants to grow thicker with deeper roots, which creates a lawn of healthy grass that will help to crowd out weeds.
3. Apply Fertilizer
Lawns wake up from winter dormancy with an appetite. In the North, apply Scotts® Turf Builder® Triple Action. Not only will it feed and strengthen your lawn, but it also kills weeds like dandelion and clover and prevents future weeds. Feed again two months later with Scotts® Turf Builder® Lawn Food to keep grass lush and strong. With all products, be sure to follow label directions.
In the South, feed your lawn in early spring with Scotts® Turf Builder® Southern Triple Action to masterfully handle the three big needs of Southern lawns: It prevents and kills fire ants for up to 6 months, kills stubborn weeds like dollarweed and clover, and nourishes and strengthens your lawn to protect it from heat and drought. Two months later, give it a second feeding, this time with Scotts® Turf Builder® Southern Lawn Food. This will help your lawn grow even thicker and continue to protect it from weather-related stress. Again, be sure to follow label directions.
Be sure, too, that you have just the right spreader for your lawn. The super-simple Scotts® Whirl™ Hand-Powered Spreader is great for small yards, while the larger Scotts® Turf Builder® Edgeguard® DLX Broadcast Spreader will easily cover lawns up to 15,000 square feet. For even bigger lawns, turn to the Scotts® Elite Spreader, which can hold enough fertilizer for up to 20,000 square feet.
4. Beat Weeds
Spot-treat dandelions or wild violets using Scotts® Spot Weed Control For Lawns. This weed killer controls weeds without harming grass. By spraying, you avoid disturbing grass roots and unearthing dormant weed seeds, both of which can happen when you hand-weed.
5. Patch and Thicken
Repair bare spots in both cool- and warm-season turf using Scotts® Bare Spot Repair Products. Timing is crucial for success: Aim for an early spring sowing for cool-season grass and a late spring sowing for warm-season grass. If your lawn is worn and thin, thicken it by overseeding. In the north, overseed with Scotts® Turf Builder® Thick’R Lawn™ , a product specially designed for thickening up thin lawns that combines grass seed, fertilizer, and a soil improver into an easy-to-use product that is applied with a Scotts® spreader. In the south, use the appropriate Scotts® Turf Builder® Grass Seed product for your grass type, and get your new grass off to a good start by using Scotts® Turf Builder® Starter® Food for New Grass.
Summer Lawn Care Plan
1. Mow High
Gorgeous summer lawns start with long, deep, healthy roots that snake through soil to find moisture. The surest way to encourage deep roots is by mowing high—as high as you can for your type of grass. Sharpen mower blades at least once a season to ensure a clean cut on individual blades of grass, which helps reduce moisture loss.
2. Treat for Grubs
Apply Scotts® GrubEx® if you had a grub problem last year, spot an invasion of beetles in early summer, or know that a neighbor is fighting grubs. These pests munch their way through grass roots, resulting in dead patches in an otherwise healthy lawn. Time your application for before or just after grubs hatch, usually in late spring or early summer.
To keep grass green, healthy, and growing, provide at least 1 inch of water per week, either through irrigation or rainfall. Time irrigation for early morning (between 6 and 10 a.m.) to minimize water loss to evaporation.
Both warm- and cool-season grasses benefit from summer feeding. Warm-season grasses grow most actively during summer heat, so feeding helps fuel and sustain the intense growth. Scotts® Turf Builder® Summer Lawn Food, a 2 in 1 lawn food and water maximizer is ideal for feeding warm-season grasses in the summer. It helps drive water into dry soils and feeds to build strong, deep roots, so even during the heat of summer, you can have a green lawn. If your lawn is under attack from insects, feed with Scotts® Turf Builder® Summerguard®, which combines lawn food with insect control.
Fall Lawn Care Plan
For cool-season grass, fall provides ideal growing conditions. Give grass a head start on strong root growth by using Scotts® Turf Builder® WinterGuard® Fall Lawn Food twice in fall: once around Labor Day and a second time six to eight weeks later. For warm season grasses, only one application is necessary, in early fall. If you’re battling weeds, conquer two tasks at once by using Scotts® Turf Builder® WinterGuard® Fall Weed & Feed.
3. Mulch Leaves
Chop leaves with your lawn mower to create roughly dime-size pieces. Leaves this size can lie on the lawn without harming grass and will eventually decompose. If you dislike vacuuming leaves from under shrubs or along walkways, rake them into grassy areas and mow over them.
4. Mow Short
In late fall, drop mower height and cut your lawn 1 to 2 inches shorter than normal. In areas with falling leaves, a shorter lawn prevents leaves from matting down the grass. In snow-prone regions, a final fall mowing on the short side helps prevent snow mold on grass come spring.
Winter Lawn Care Plan
1. Limit Lawn Traffic
Grass goes dormant for winter in all but the warmest regions. Protect resting grass plant crowns by limiting foot traffic. Avoid parking vehicles on lawns in winter.
2. Melt Ice Carefully
Choose ice melt products that are designed to be used around the lawn. Rock salt (sodium chloride) can damage plant roots when used excessively.
3. Make Plans
Consider any lawn problems of the past year and come up with solutions you can tackle in the coming year. Sharpen mower blades so they’re ready to go in spring. Schedule lawn feedings by creating reminders on your phone or calendar, or make it all easy by downloading the Scotts® My Lawn app, which gives customized recommendations on how and when to care for your lawn. Or, choose the easiest method of all: Sign up for our personalized, subscription-based Scotts® Lawn Care Program and we'll send you the exact fertilizers you need, right when it's time to apply them.
Great Lawn Care Plans Need a Great Spreader
Whether you’re putting down fertilizer, seed, or even ice melt, the right broadcast spreader will help you get the job done with speed and precision. Here’s how to choose the best spreader for your lawn.
Small lawns: 1,500 ft2 or less
Scotts® Whirl™ Hand-Powered Spreader
Medium lawns: 5,000 ft2 or less
Scotts® Turf Builder® Edgeguard® Mini Broadcast Spreader
Large lawns: 15,000 ft2 or less
Scotts® Turf Builder® Edgeguard® DLX Broadcast Spreader
Extra-large lawns 20,000 ft2 or less
Scotts® Elite Spreader
Don’t know how big your yard is? We have you covered! Inside the Scotts® MyLawn App is a handy tool to measure your property. Just connect the points around the aerial view of your home and you’ll know how many square feet you need to cover.