How to Plant & Grow a Bahia Grass Lawn
If you live in a coastal area in the South, this grass can provide you with a beautiful, low-maintenance lawn.
This Grass Is Suited for the Conditions of the Gulf Coast
If you live in a coastal area in the South, chances are your soil is sandy and acidic. Temperatures range from warm to sweltering. That's why you need a grass that can take the heat, handle dry spells, and still look good. That sounds like a job for bahia grass. Bahia grass is native to South America and traditionally has been used in this country for low-maintenance areas, such as roadsides. Nowadays, there are several improved varieties on the market that produce beautiful turf that's ideal for lawns along the Gulf Coast.
About Bahia Grass
Bahia grass is a sun-loving grass that doesn't like cold or shade. It grows by thick stolons, or root-like stems. It doesn't spread aggressively, but forms a very thick carpet of grass. So a bahia grass lawn is tough enough for foot traffic, but a challenge to mow (keep your blade sharp and use a heavy-duty mower). Bahia grass is less likely to invade garden beds than other warm-season grasses. Better yet, it tolerates poor soil conditions well, and doesn't require much fertilizer.
Planting Bahia Grass
For new bahia grass lawns, you can plant seed or sod, depending on your time and budget. If you decide to seed your lawn choose a quality seed, such as Scotts® Turf Builder® Pensacola Bahiagrass or Scotts® Turf Builder® Argentine Bahiagrass. Pensacola bahia grass has a finer leaf texture and is more cold tolerant than Argentine bahia grass, while Argentine bahia grass is darker green.
Loosen up your soil and then spread the grass seed with a broadcast spreader, like the Scotts® Turf Builder® EdgeGuard® DLX. Be sure to use the spreader setting indicated on the product label. Keep in mind that putting down too much seed creates weak seedlings that often die because they cannot get the resources they need to develop into strong grass plants.
Maintaining Your Bahia Grass Lawn
Bahia grass should be fed 2-4 times per year starting in spring, after it greens up, through fall. When you feed, be sure to use a product that contains iron, like Scotts® GreenMAX™ Lawn Food, especially if the soil pH is higher than 7. You'll want to keep a bahia grass lawn mowed to 2-3 inches tall, because the grass has a tendency to produce straggly seedheads.
Bahia Grass Pests, and Diseases
Bahia grass is not troubled by many pests and diseases. The most serious pest threat is the mole cricket, which burrows through the soil and damages roots. Very few diseases cause problems in bahia grass lawns with the exception of dollar spot, which can leave spots several inches in diameter scattered throughout the lawn.
Be sure to read labels carefully to ensure the product will not harm a bahia grass lawn. Scotts® Bonus S Southern Weed and Feed cannot be used on a bahia grass lawn.